What to expect from a child at every developmental stage


Every child wasn't born all developed and they all needed to grow. Every adult was once a baby who couldn't talk and they grew. A lot of times, mothers don't know what to expect from their children and they need a quality, healthy and safe environment to encourage and stimulate their physical, emotional, intellectual, and social growth. 

This article will highlight a few things to expect from your child at every developmental stage.

Child's personality 

Each child has a specific personality and response to people and things around them. Just like every adult, children may be outgoing, shy, or tempered as the case may be. You must understand what personality your child has and help to encourage and build them up in areas they are strong or weak.

Developmental stages

As your child begins to grow you may begin to wonder about their behaviors and look out for what to expect. It's a growth process and most especially while they still can't differentiate from what is right or wrong, you will need to be careful about how the house is arranged as they may want to be exploring everywhere. The first 3 years of the child are important so here are a few tips that can help you during this phase;

• Show your love and be responsive to them

• Talk, read and sing to your growing child

• Encourage them to play safe and play with them

• Use routines to build discipline in them

• Take care of yourself only then can you take care of them

• Recognize their strengths and weaknesses 

• Stay involved in their daily life.

Development from birth to eighteen months

This is an overview of what happened during this period. Babies gather information through touch, taste, sight, sound, and smell. Parents should actively help them to interact and explore all this with them. They would most likely put everything they see in their mouths and practice crawling, walking, climbing, and other activities.

In each of these months, we will highlight what they are and what they need.

One month 

Babies: Mostly sleeping and awake for a few hours.

Parents: They need milk, a safe and conducive environment, warmth and you can sing and talk to them.

Three months

Babies: Fascinated by everything happening around them, they laugh more and more alert. 

Parents: You should talk and feed them well. You can also sing lullabies. Cuddle them and take them out occasionally for fresh air. 

Five months

Babies: They can sit with support, hold their toys, start to babble and eat most baby food. They also have tendencies of looking at themselves and crawling to pick or hold things.

Parents: Make sure the environment is safe for every exploring, talk to them more, play music for them, and ensure they are feeding well.

Nine months

Babies: They are fully in the exploring mood, they crawl, sit, pull things, and can now hear their names and simple commands like No, they like to be with other babies.

Parents: Make the environment safe at all times, feed them and give them educational toys and books.

Twelve months

Babies: Start to work and make lots of sounds starting with Mama and Dada. They are curious and messy and they want to touch everything. They continue to explore and learn through this.

Parents: Lots of encouragement and reading to themselves. Sing songs and help them by staying near to observe what their personality is.

Twelve to eighteen months

Babies: Spilling food and exploring, may have tantrums to express themselves, starts to get extremely clingy, and use signs to say no. By eighteen months they mostly can walk well but can fall and they may start saying words they hear others say. And they most likely try to claim everything as theirs. They love being with other children.

Parents: Let them try new things and help them if they need help. Praise them by encouraging them and interacting more with them, they need your full attention and understanding. Be patient with them and apologize when you're wrong. Be extremely conscious of your habits as they can tend to pick up habits. 

Eighteen months through five years: An overview.

Two years

Babies: They get emotionally attached to people and things, they don't want to give in and look out majorly for themselves. They build fear of things and start to talk more audibly and you can pick out what they like and dislike by this.

Parents: Give them routines for discipline, change them slowly, notice what they do, and praise them. Make decisions and explain to them why you did. Be calm and firm about everything. Patience can not be overemphasized as they will make mistakes. Be understanding and let them understand you as well.

Three years

Babies: They have physical energy and like to do things on their terms. They socialize and read more. They scribble on everything and ask even the slightest questions. They play and start new things and want to solve things by themselves. 

Parents: Understand them and encourage their failures and success. Communicate with them, play with them and sing to them.

Four years

Babies: This is an active stage for them, they are running, climbing, jumping, and a pro at asking questions. They begin to genuinely pick interest in things and keep exploring.

Parents: Be there to constantly guide and provide advice to them. Begin to educate them about everything they need to know. Let them understand why they need to do some stuff and read more to them and understand them.

Five years

Babies: Well grown in the baby stage, have good movement, and will be involved in a lot of energetic activities. Can write well for a start and read well for a start. Interested in everything and calmer and communicative.

Parents: This is a stage of being loving, patient, understanding, and giving genuine attention. Know their personalities and help them in the right way.

These are just a few things to do while watching your child grow, they may vary because no child is the same. Learn and observe your child well.

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