Human Rights

 

Every human has rights, regardless of anything at all and this article will show you all you need to know about your rights and the rights of others.


What are human rights?

They are the fundamental rights and freedoms that belong to every human in the world and this starts from the birth to the death of every person.

The notable thing about these rights is that they apply regardless of your nationality, what you believe in, or the way you choose to live life. They can’t be taken anyway although they can be restricted.

An example of restrictions on human rights can apply if a person breaks the law or threatens security. These rights are basic and they are based on values that are common everywhere like equality, fairness, independence, and so on.

Human rights values are protected by the law and every country is liable for the protection of every human within the confines of the law. 


Types of Human Rights

Right to life

• Civil and political rights

• Right to education

• Freedom of speech

• Freedom of assembly

• Economic, social and cultural rights

• Right to privacy

• Right to a fair trial

• Civil liberties

• Freedom of thought

• Freedom of the press

• Freedom of religion

• Children's rights

• Right to social security

• Equality before the law

• Freedom of movement

• Right to own property

• Right to work

• Right to food & water

• Right to marry

• Right to asylum

• Freedom from slavery

• Reproductive rights


Now how do human rights work and how does it help you as a person?

Everyone is important, therefore making human rights very relevant to everyone, not just people who face maltreatment or that are underprivileged according to some standards. Human rights are to protect our day-to-day life in many areas.

You have the right to have and express your ideas and opinions on things around you, a right to education, a right to family life and you choose if it’s private or public, you have a right not to be unjustly punished or mistreated by the laws of the state or even the country.

The enforcement of human rights has brought about the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the United Nations. This creation came from the many evil done during the Second World War. 

The United Nations was founded in 1945 and it allowed more than 50 member states to contribute to the UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights). The UDHR was adopted in 1948 and it stood as the first attempt to go global with fundamental human rights and freedom that is largely shared by all human beings regardless of race, religion, and any other form of segregation.

Following the basis of the rights that were created by the UDHR, the European Convention on Human Rights was adopted in 1950 by the British and it protected the human rights of the people in countries that belonged to the European Council.


The Human Rights Act 1998

This is the set of rights that made the rights set by the European Convention on Human Rights part of the domestic laws in European countries. This made it possible for courts in the United Kingdom to be able to hear and attend to human rights cases. 

Before this was made possible the people had to take their complaints and rights cases to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France.


The Universal Declaration of Human Rights

As earlier stated, this was adopted by the UN general assembly and it recently turned 70 years of existence in 2018. It became the foundation of all human rights laws both locally and internationally. In its 30 articles, there are provisions for all that concern the principles and doctrines that guide human rights movements, documents, and even treaties.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights alongside the International Covenant for Civil and Political Rights, and the International Covenant for Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights are the council for the International Bill of Rights.

Now let’s take a look at the important things everyone should know about human rights.


1. Universal and inalienable

Universality is a key principle of human rights and it means that every human is entitled to human rights regardless of status this is mostly emphasized by the UDHR because it’s the base that other principles will work on. Every international human rights convention, program, declaration, and resolution contains the universality of human rights.

Human rights are inalienable, this means that the rights should not be taken away except for cases that involve criminal laws and it should be according to due process. The rights of liberty will be restricted for someone guilty of a crime by the law.


2. Indivisible and interdependent

Human rights in all places are indivisible and interdependent. This means that some sets of rights can not be fully exercised without the other. An example is the right to live, which can truly be functional if the government is not given the right environment for the people to live in.

People can be pushed to end their own lives and even commit other crimes in the search for survival. Economic and social rights are easier to exercise when political rights are not trampled upon. 


3. Equal and non-discriminatory

The first article of UDHR, states that “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” There should be freedom from discrimination, and Article 2 ensures this equality.

This nondiscrimination should cut across all international human rights laws. It’s a principle that is present in all human rights treaties and according to research, it has proven to be the central theme of 2 core rights movements: the meeting on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.


4. It contains both rights and obligations

All countries have more than one of the nine core human rights that apply to all. And there is more than seventy-five percent of countries and states that truly practice them. This means that those countries are under an obligation to respect, fulfill and protect their people using that human rights protocol. 


Here are a few of those obligations highlighted:

• They just refrain from interfering with the use of human rights and its application to all.

• They are required to protect individuals against human rights abuses in any form possible.

• They must fulfill their responsibilities to the facilitation of the enjoyment of basic human rights for every human.


Every human deserves to know their rights and exercise them as they live.

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